Hinduism has extremely precious rituals and vidhis associated with its existence. Every ritual framed has highly advanced beneficiary methodologies associated. Havan is seen to be the prime part of any major Puja. The sacredness and purity which a Havan can create are much more than any other process. A Homa or Havan is a sacred Hindu ritual in which offerings are made to the fire.
Fire is considered to be the main element of a Havan or Homa as well as belongs to the major five elements of existence. The offerings made to the sacred fire, during a Havan, are said to purify the environment as well as the people around. It is also believed to drive away all negative energies around. This fire is supposedly the main link between cosmic consciousness and human consciousness.
Havan is seen as one of the ten niyams/rules or positive virtues that are prescribed for a devotee, who wishes to come closer to the divine, one who wants to acquire Oneness with Him. Havan is also one way of performing the Deva Yagnya, i.e. one of man’s five daily duties, as per the tenets of the Sanatan Dharma. A Havan is, generally, performed with an aim to achieve spiritual as well as material success.
It is performed in a Havan Kund or fire pit which is made of bricks. This fireplace is generally decorated with colorful flowers, leaves, beans, and grains. The items used in performing Havan are a special mixture of medicinal herbs, roots, dry fruits, wood and ghee and are offered as an oblation into the Havan Kund fire. This is accompanied by Sanskrit Mantras which are yet another powerful medium.
The most interesting fact about Havan Kunds is its different properties in different situations. As per the Scriptures, the unique shape of the Havan Kunda looks into the controlled generation and multi-directional dissipation of energy. It acts as a generator of essential and highly powerful energy fields and spreads them in its surrounding atmosphere. Below mentioned are the shapes in which a Havan Kund can be made and their properties:-
There are different types of Havan performed depending on the requirements. Some depend on the region, some on the purpose and some on the situation. We may have missed certain kinds of Havan so do comment below if you know any additional information. We would be glad to accept that.
The art of performing a Puja or a Ritual at Hindu households has always remained a matter of concern unless you have a "Family Pandit".